When you say “give voice to your emotions”: what most of the time becomes complicated for adults is instead the most natural for children. Before being able to speak fluently, drawing is the first way to communicate, to express one’s needs, needs or fears.
It is therefore important to dig deep to understand what the children intend to convey. Provided that the drawings are included in a much broader observation that takes into account the age and maturity of our “little artists”, to interpret their traits there are elements of analysis that respond to the theory of childhood drawing. It is about space, line and colour.
The sheet represents the space, and therefore the environment to be explored: if it is completely occupied by the drawing, it means that the child is sociable and extrovert and has confidence in himself. The case of the sheet of paper that is not very busy, characteristic of the unsafe child, is diametrically opposed. The little ones tend to escape reality if the drawing is concentrated in the upper part of the sheet, they are afraid of the future if they concentrate the lines on the left side, while if they do so on the right side they have confidence in the future and in others.
The regular and marked line, with a prevalence of curved lines, reveals good adaptability, determination and enthusiasm. Edges and sharp lines and a weak pencil pressure on the paper are instead a symptom of aggression, anxiety and fear of reproaches.
Let’s come to the colours, which are very important in children’s drawings: if the choice falls in favour of a soft or cold colour (purple, blue, blue) we are in the presence of a shy and introverted personality. Strong colours (red, orange and yellow) instead photograph an extrovert individual. Green is the balance point par excellence.
But in all this, how much do the drawn subjects count? Of course, a lot, because they allow you to get a lot of information, which makes sense if associated with the other elements collected.
Let’s discover, for example, that a tree is not just a tree, but represents the very essence of a child. If it is drawn with many roots, for example, it is synonymous with a child strongly attached to his mother, if it is small the subject will tend to be introverted, while the presence of fruit hanging from the branches tells of a generous figure.
The house is another of the subjects preferred by children and according to psychology is to represent the relationship with the family. Big house? Extrovert child. Windows closed? Probably the child has few relationships with the outside world. Smoke from the fireplace? The child lacks a relationship that gratifies him.
Finally, the most popular design, that of the family. The character first depicted represents the one for whom the child has the most admiration, while those drawn with the smallest dimensions are perceived as potential rivals. Close to him the child draws those to whom he is most attached, the further away are the subjects in the family nucleus with whom he finds it more difficult to establish relations.